Duanmanor ertao, ertaoran. It is shorter than manran, and is worn by Sheng, Jing, Fu and Chou roles. （短满，二涛又称“二涛髯”，简称“二涛”） Duanman is divided into three types according to its color- heiduanman(black), huaduanman(grey), and baiduanman(silver). The old monk from Haotian Tower wears baiduanman, (sometimes grey too). Zhaoli in The Story of the Rosy Pear wears heiduanman. Duanman is also used by soldiers and male attendants, and both positive and negative roles.